[devel] Fwd: [Bram@: Occult completion]
Alexey I. Froloff
Сб Сен 10 17:08:08 MSD 2005
----- Forwarded message from Bram Moolenaar <Bram@> -----
Date: Sat, 10 Sep 2005 14:46:00 +0200
From: Bram Moolenaar <Bram@>
Subject: Occult completion
I have made a start with "occult completion". It's a bit like
intellisense completion, but that is a trademark. It's going to be a
bit unpredictable and mysterious, thus "occult" seemed to be a good
name. And I needed something starting with an O, so that CTRL-X CTRL-O
can be used.
It is currently only working for C. This requires a tags file, which is
used to find the information about typedefs, structures, etc. The
original ctags didn't include sufficient information, thus I made a
patch for Exuberant ctags to add this. See the help text below for
where to find it. Without this patch it will still work for some
things, depending on how the struct/typedef/etc. was declared.
In the latest snapshot the file that does the completion is:
runtime/autoload/ccomplete.vim. If you see something that can be
improved, let me know.
You will obviously have remarks about what needs to be improved. I'm
especially interested in suggestions with a hint about how it can be
implemented. Or an example of how another program does this.
Do keep in mind that I want this to work on all systems, thus using some
.dll file (as the insenvim project is doing) is not an option. We will
need a popup menu to show the alternatives. This needs to be
implemented for various GUIs. And for the console!
If you want to work on this for other languages that would be great.
C++ and Java should work in a similar way, since Exuberant ctags
By the way: I fixed a problem that could cause a crash when using a
prompt in a :for loop. The list that was looped over could be cleaned
up by the garbage collector (it kicks in when waiting for a character to
be typed). This especially happened when an error message was given
inside a for loop, Vim could crash after the hit-enter prompt.
Filetype-specific remarks for occult completion *compl-occult-filetypes*
Completion requires a tags file. You should use Exuberant ctags, because it
adds extra information that is needed for completion. You can find it here:
For version 5.5.4 you need to add a patch that adds the "typename:" field:
If you want to complete system functions you can do something like this. Use
ctags to generate a tags file for all the system header files: >
% ctags -R -f ~/.vim/systags /usr/include /usr/local/include
In your vimrc file add this tags file to the 'tags' option: >
When using CTRL-X CTRL-O after a name without any "." or "->" it is completed
from the tags file directly. This works for any identifier, also function
names. If you want to complete a local variable name, which does not appear
in the tags file, use CTRL-P instead.
When using CTRL-X CTRL-O after something that has "." or "->" Vim will attempt
to recognize the type of the variable and figure out what members it has.
This means only members valid for the variable will be listed.
Vim doesn't include a C compiler, only the most obviously formatted
declarations are recognized. Preprocessor stuff may cause confusion.
When the same structure name appears in multiple places all possible members
$ echo pizza > /dev/oven
/// Bram Moolenaar -- Bram@ -- http://www.Moolenaar.net \\\
/// Sponsor Vim, vote for features -- http://www.Vim.org/sponsor/ \\\
\\\ Project leader for A-A-P -- http://www.A-A-P.org ///
\\\ Buy LOTR 3 and help AIDS victims -- http://ICCF.nl/lotr.html ///
----- End forwarded message -----
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